Australia Appaloosa Association

Coat Patterns

The following are common terms used to describe Appaloosa coat patterns:

Blanket - A solid white area normally over, but not limited to, the hip area with a contrasting base colour.

Spots - White or dark spots over all or a portion of it's body.

Roan - A horse exhibiting the Appaloosa roan pattern develops a lighter coloured area on the forehead, jowls and frontal bones of the face, over the back, loin and hips. Darker areas may appear along the frontal bones of the face as well and also on the legs, stifle, above the eye, point of the hip and below the elbow. Without an apparent Appaloosa blanket or spots, a horse with only the above-listed characteristics will also need mottled skin.

Roan Blanket - The roan pattern consisting of a mixture of light and dark hairs, over a portion of the body. The blanket normally occurs over, but not limited to, the hip area.

Roan Blanket with Spots - Roan blanket (as above) which has white and/or dark spots within the roan area.

Solid - Base colour but no contrasting colour in the form of an Appaloosa coat pattern. The horse will need mottled skin and one other Appaloosa characteristic.

Typical coat patterns and their descriptions:

Bay Blanket with spots

Bay Blanket with spots

Base colour: Bay.

Pattern: Blanket with spots over loin and hip.

Face markings: Star, snip, snip lower lip.

Leg markings: Lightning marks left fore, half stocking left hind, ligtning marks right fore, half pastern right hind.

Dark bay roan over body and hips

Dark bay roan over body and hips

Base colour: Dark bay.

Pattern: Roan over body and hips.

Face markings: Star.

Leg markings: Lightning marks left fore, partial-pastern left hind, lightning marks right fore, partial-pastern right hind.

Brown (Solid)

Brown (Solid)

Base colour: Brown.

Pattern: None.

Face markings: Star.

Leg markings: Half stocking left hind, partial-pastern right hind.

Black, blanket with spots

Black, blanket with spots

Base colour: Black.

Pattern: Blanket with spots over loin and hips.

Face markings: Bald face, snip lower lip.

Leg markings: Stocking left hind, stocking right hind.

White with pattern over entire body

White with pattern over entire body (Leopard)

Base colour: White.

Pattern: Pattern over entire body (Leopard).

Face markings: None.

Leg markings: None.

Dark bay roan over body and hips

Buckskin with roan blanket

Base colour: Buckskin.

Pattern: Roan blanket over loin and hips.

Face markings: Star and stripe.

Leg markings: Partial half-pastern left hind, partial-pastern right hind.

Chestnut white with spots

Chestnut white with spots

Base colour: Chestnut.

Pattern: White with spots over back and hips.

Face markings: Star, stripe, snip.

Leg markings: Stocking left hind, partial-stocking right fore, partial half-stocking right hind.

Dun with Blankets

Dun with Blanket

Base colour: Dun.

Pattern: Blanket over back and hips.

Face markings: None.

Leg markings: None.

Grulla Blanket

Grulla Blanket

Base colour: Grulla.

Pattern: Blanket with spots over back and hips.

Face markings: Star, stripe, snip.

Leg markings: Partial-pastern left front, partial-ankle left hind, partial half-pastern right front, partial half-stocking right hind.

Palomino Blanket

Palomino Blanket

Base colour: Palomino.

Pattern: Blanket with spots over loin and hips.

Face markings: Blaze.

Leg markings: Stockings all four.

Red Roan Blanket

Red Roan Blanket

Base colour: Red roan.

Pattern: Blanket with spots over back and hips.

Face markings: Star and snip.

Leg markings: Pastern left hind, partial half-pastern right front, lightning marks right hind.

Bay Roan

Bay Roan

Base colour: Bay roan.

Pattern: Spots over body and hips.

Face markings: None.

Leg markings: Pastern right fore, ankle right hind.

Blue Roan

Blue Roan

Base colour: Blue roan.

Pattern: Blanket with spots over back and hips.

Face markings: None.

Leg markings: Partial stocking left hind.